The BRAC Commission's recommendations for reshaping DoD infrastructure officially took effect at 12:01 a.m. Nov. 9, 2005, after Congress allowed them to pass into law. The nine-member BRAC panel delivered its final report to President Bush Sept. 8, and he, in turn, sent it to Congress for legislative review Sept. 15. Congress had 45 legislative days (Nov. 9, 2005) to accept or reject the report in its entirety. Congress was not authorized to make any changes.

By statute, the Defense Department now has until Sept. 15, 2007 to begin closing and realigning the installations as called for in the report. The process must be completed by Sept. 15, 2011.

The 2005 BRAC recommendations represent the most aggressive BRAC ever proposed, affecting more than 800 installations. By Sept. 15, 2011, the Army will close 12 major installations and close or realign hundreds of small installations, including Army Reserve and National Guard facilities.