Each Soldier is individually responsible for the maintenance of his or her medical, physical and mental fitness. This includes correcting remedial defects, avoiding harmful habits and weight control.
The maintenance of good strength and aerobic conditioning is of prime importance to the modern Soldier. Any recommendation of restrictive activity is annotated on Department of the Army form 3349.
Physical profiling is a system used from the medical perspective, giving commanders an idea of their Soldiers’ functional limitations. The way profiles are written is based on the profile serial system. This is a system that is based upon the function of body systems and their relation to military duties. This grading system is done with great care, providing a clear and accurate description of medical, physical and mental limits.
The focus is on six locations of the body. They are listed below:
P- Physical capacity
U- Upper Extremity
L- Lower Extremity
Profiles could be either temporary or permanent. Temporary profiles are given for a condition that is expected to improve in the short term.
Correction or treatment of the condition is medically advisable. Temporary profiles will be given an expiration date. Correction will usually result in higher physical capacity. Permanent profiles are given for conditions that are considered medically uncorrectable.
Permanent profiles do not have an expiration date, although they should be reviewed every five years. Profiles are not intended to excuse Soldiers from performing their duties. They are to provide Soldiers with limitations, preventing further physical harm and injury. All Soldiers have a moral responsibility to perform their duty at the highest level possible. This article is intended to provide general information regarding profiles.
For more specific information, see Army Regulation 40-501, chapter 7.